Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden and unexpected death of the young child before the age of one year. In 90% of cases, sudden infant death occurs before the age of 6 months with a higher risk between 2 and 4 months.
We must distinguish between Sudden Infant Death and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). The first occurs in which a baby considered healthy, but one or more risk factors could worry when he was alive (reflux, prematurity, stuffy nose, overweight). The second occurs in a baby who had no history may increase the risks for which the post-mortem examinations revealed no specific cause of death.
In 30 years, cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) have declined significantly. Simple actions put forward by doctors and prevention campaigns have contributed to this downward trend.
Sleeping baby on the back.
The sunset on the back has reduced by more than 50% cases of sudden infant death. Lying in this position (recommended up to one year), the baby’s nose and mouth cleared, there is nothing that prevents him from breathing, unlike the prone position. Sleeping on the side is also banned because the child can at any time switch to the belly.
A baby should be lying on his stomach in case of specific medical indication.
Sleeping on the back applies even more to the swaddled babies. A recent study showed that the risk of sudden death in infants who slept on the side or stomach increased when the babies were swaddled. The risk of SIDS almost doubled when swaddled children slept curled. It is therefore advisable not to swaddle a baby beyond the first three months after birth, because from 4-6 months, they begin to turn around.
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Do not charge the bed.
Needless to load the child’s bed with objects that may increase the risk of sudden death. A baby should sleep in a bed without cover, comforters, pillows and stuffed animals. These can hamper breathing if placed near your nose or mouth or if the child slips under the blanket.
Do not overheat the baby’s room
The room temperature should not exceed 19 degrees and the mattress should be firm and well adapted to the bed dimensions Also, no need to cover baby too, it could raise its temperature suddenly.
No to co-sleeping.
Co-sleeping or bed sharing (sleeping with the baby) is a sudden death risk factor. If the mother or father falls asleep on the baby, it can choke.
READ ALSO: 10 Tips To Help Baby Sleep Through The Night.
Focus on breast to bottle.
Breast milk is more digestible than formula milk. Therefore, unlike bottle-feeding does not impose a burp. Try to avoid it.
Hold baby upright after feeding bottle.
The rot is an important step for the infant because it sets without burps, there is a risk that is choking during sleep due to a sudden rise in milk.
If the child is bottle-fed, keep it upright fifteen minutes after the bottle. “No need to tap in the back or walk lightly shaking it to bring the rot more quickly.”
Wearing nipple whole Night.
The pacifier has a protective role for baby sleep. A case of sudden infant death would be prevented if babies wear a pacifier. The object prevent infant’s suffocation if he found the flat face against the mattress. In the United States, the American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended wearing nipple to prevent sudden infant death syndrome.
If the child is breastfed, it is advisable to wait a month before giving him the pacifier, the time he learned the good sucking reflex within. By giving the pacifier to a breastfed child, there is a risk that it abandons the breast.
Station to Passive Smoking.
Passive smoking increases the risk of sudden death. Even if parents do not smoke in the presence of the baby, the molecules contained in cigarette smoke will be housed in the breath, on clothing, also sofas and chairs. When the person comes to smoke takes the baby in her arms, it is in contact with his clothing or fabric sofas and armchairs and may inhale these toxic molecules. “Now, these substances can cause cardiac downturn, sleep apnea, regurgitation disorders, and respiratory disorders.
The ideal would be to change clothes after smoking if we want to take baby in our arms.
The maternal smoking can also affect the child who is breastfed. Substances in tobacco pass into breast milk and are ingested by the baby.
Put baby on his stomach under supervision.
Place baby on his stomach several times a day (for 3 to 5 minutes) and under surveillance can reduce the risk of sudden death. By Placing in this position, the child will shake his legs and thus massaging his stomach. This will accelerate gastric emptying and decrease reflux. It will also beef up its head, which will help to reposition themselves if they found the nose and mouth against the mattress during sleep.
Signs that can alert?
There are no signs that can alert parents to a near sudden death. Anyway, if parents notice something unusual like pallor in children or sudden lack of tone, it is best to consult a doctor to determine the cause of these symptoms. The pediatricians are very attentive to what the parents says, what they see in their child. The smallest element can help us make a diagnosis.
In 30% of cases, sudden infant death occurs without any premonition.
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