Among the baby’s foot abnormalities, there are simple malposition or malformations. While malposition pose few problems and are progressing well without outside intervention, but malformations require specific treatment.
The most severe anomalies in baby’s feet level are usually detected during prenatal ultrasounds. They sometimes result from the wrong position that the child took in the womb. Early detection enables support at birth, which in most cases solve the problem before a baby step.
Malposition of the foot.
Baby foot anomalies or malformations. The supinatus varus foot is the most common deformity in babies. Easily visible to the naked eye, this anomaly is a deflection of the forefoot, but also sometimes the heel inward. If the foot is flexible and has been diagnosed at early time, it will resume its normal position over the growth without need for care or special shoes. It requires neither physiotherapy nor specific stimuli such as “massage”. Everything should be back to normal before the child learns to walk. There is therefore no need to worry.
If, however you do not observe improvement quickly, it would strongly not recommended to reverse the shoes, it would tempted the foot “which most parents generally do “. Conversely, for steep walk an Elastoplast tape and a cast boot can be used. Do not hesitate to consult a specialist who will appreciate the flexibility of the foot of your child.
Another anomaly is the Slope Foot.
It comes with a foot drop to the knee. It requires no special treatment if plantar flexion is possible (single slope / soft foot). However, if the flexion is limited it will require regular physiotherapy sessions to stretch the muscles and put a splint or pad to maintain maximum flexion.
Malformations of the foot.
Clubfoot (1 to 3 cases per 1000 births) is a real defect that affects the bones, joints and muscles. It requires care in specialized services in orthopedics of the child. In 30% of cases it is necessary to operate. But 70% of them, the daily physiotherapeutic manipulations associated with flexible equipment (orthopedic gradual recovery with splints composed of 2 attached soles a crossbar) and successive rigid for about a year will be enough to heal the foot. Doing early will be More supportive, It will increase the chance that the problem is resolved before a baby step.
More rare, convex foot is dislocation at the midfoot (portion between the toe and heel) which gives a rounded appearance along the arch of the foot. The foot is in equinus (heel does not touch the ground). In this case, the rehabilitation sessions will be complemented by orthopedic treatment: change splints and casts every week, which will allow the gradual reduction of the deformity.
Note: foot abnormalities may be hidden from others. It is especially advisable to conduct a comprehensive review of the baby in the event of defects, to ensure there are no neurological and spinal diseases. About malpositions, check hips to determine if there is dislocation.
[image Source: propod.com]