What are the long-term consequences of divorce on children? This question has aroused much debates in child psychiatrists! To answer this question, researchers studied toddlers from single-parent families. The results suggest that this situation remains lived poorly, especially by boys. It is the overview of the problems caused by separation.
As the number of divorces increases, children are more and more frequently raised by their father or mother. Now a Days, A majority of teenagers have seen their parents split up.
Many studies have sought to highlight on the psychological, physical or socioeconomic consequences of this separation and every time contradictory results remain highly controversial. The aim of these studies was not to evaluate the immediate or short-term effects of a divorce but rather the long-term impacts on the child.
A high Mortality risk.
By statistically analyzing the data gathered, scientists have come to the conclusion that single parenthood is a disadvantage for children. Thus they would have a higher risk of mortality, especially between 13 and 17 years of age. This was mainly the case for boys, who were twice as likely to die when they had only one parent. Among girls, there appeared to be no difference in the rate. But by looking specifically at the causes of death, scientists found that teenage girls from single-parent families committed suicide twice as much and were three times more likely to die from drug overdose or excess alcohol.
Note: In children whose parents were addicted to drugs or alcohol, mortality was lower among single-parent families.
Many associated Disorders.
In addition to the higher mortality, children from lone-parent families had a higher risk of exposure to various problems. Thus, psychological disorders (depression, schizophrenia) were more numerous, especially during childhood rather than adolescence. Suicide attempts, falls, road accidents were also higher.
Whether for the risk of mortality or the development of various disorders, the sex of the parent did not seem to have any influence on these results. Perhaps this is due to the low number of single fathers.
A question of money?
It quite seems strongly that divorce has not only short-term effects but can have a lasting effect on the future of children. But, the main cause is socio-economic. Indeed, the lack of resources of the single parent would directly or indirectly affect the health and well-being of children. But even after adjusting for differences in income, it becomes unfavorable to single parenthood.
To explain this, researchers do not question about education of a single parent or its possibly not important absence. They cite the disputes, which must have preceded and followed the separation of the parents, as it’s been able to destabilize the child.
Although a lot of studies has conducted on a very large number of children, but caution should be exercised. First, it would be stressful that scientists used different mathematical tools to try to interpret the results and to compare groups: their conclusions are based on these choices, which may include a margin of error. And, as they themselves recognize the case of disorders affecting children, there is a bias.
The data used are hospital visits or admissions that do not indicate the severity of the disorder. If single parents consult more for mild problems, the results will be distorted. It is quite possible that these parents have the sole responsibility of the child and also worry more easily and take it more often to the doctor!
Care must be taken that the presence of children is not the pretext for staying together: as various studies shows that a child is anyway happier in a single-parent family with little conflict than with his two parents.
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